Environment & Waste

Coastal Open Space System (COSS)

COSS Logo Banner


What is the Coastal Open Space System (COSS)?

The Coastal Open Space System (COSS) consists of over 70 natural reserves which are set aside for plants and animals, nature-based recreation and to preserve the bushland character of Gosford.

Our COSS includes woodland ridgelines, gallery rainforests, steep cliffs, wetlands and creeks.

What is council doing to protect the COSS?

COSS is unique to our region, with council the only council in NSW to actively acquire and manage bushland as a system of networks to encourage the enhancement and protection of our natural open spaces.

The COSS was created in 1984, and council continues to actively purchase identified high nature conservation value land as it becomes available. Funding for purchasing and managing the COSS bushland reserves comes from rates and special contributions made by developers.

How was land for the COSS reserves selected?

The importance of preserving land with high aesthetic and environmental values in the Central Coast area was initially identified in 1975 as part of the Rural Lands Study prepared by the NSW Planning and Environment Commission. 

This study recommended the long-term conservation of the features that make this area so special - the steep sandstone ridgelines, prominent hills, headlands, sea cliffs, wetlands, dunes and flora and fauna habitats.

Gosford City Council used the recommendations of the Rural Lands Study to create the Coastal Open Space System in 1984.

Visiting the COSS

You can enter the COSS reserves via one of the access points below.

 Reserve Name Main Vehicle Access Point/s  Main Pedestrian Access Point/s 
Kincumba Mountain Reserve  Island View Drive, Kincumber  Bronzewing Drive, Erina 
Rumbalara Reserve  Dolly Avenue, Springfield Henry Wheeler Place and John Whiteway Drive, Gosford 
Katandra Reserve  Katandra Road, Holgate and Toomeys Road, Mt Elliot   
Berry's Head Reserve   Belina Avenue, Wyoming
Berry's Head Road, Wyoming 
Mt Ettalong Reserve  Patonga Drive, Pearl Beach   

More information on the COSS reserves

Find out how local businesses can benefit from the COSS in our COSS Natures Secrets for Success report.

To find out more about planning and management for the COSS Reserves, read the Coastal Open Space Strategy 2010.

COSS Family Nature Club 

For more information about your local COSS Family Nature Club visit the COSS Family Nature Club page.

COSS Wildlife Corridors

There are a number of areas that may be used by native animals as pathways between the COSS reserves, national parks and state forest. The links between these habitats are known as wildlife corridors. To learn more, visit our COSS Wildlife Corridors page.

Also In This Section